Test: third day of sorting out Chinese stylisticsTest prerequisite: knowledge of language style
1 narrative stylistics
(1) with narrative as the main way articles are called narrative. Language, vivid image.
(2) works as reflected in the lives and the author of the view is the center of the narrative, also called the central idea. The central idea is to rely on people, things, and scenery, these materials to a table. Service to the central idea of narrative material, Center clear focus.
(3) order of the narrative there are several: Shun Syria, flashback, medias.
Shun Syria: press event occurs, development process of ending narratives.
flashback: the outcome or referred to one of the most prominent pieces written at the beginning of the article, and then in chronological order of events.
medias: in the narrative process, sometimes need to insert something about the plot, then according to the narratives of the thing.
(4) of narrative detail arrangements should be able to highlight the Center's materials should be written in detail; relations with the Center, but the material is not very important, and should be slightly written has nothing to do with the Centre's materials should be discarded. In this way, to make the narrative focus, sharp, prominent.
(5) common narrative style: the real-life characters and stories for communication of specific reports. Close-up of a written language and literature are used to describe real people. Narrative the mountain scenery, travel stories travel . recall or memoirs of life experiences and social activities, biographies, interviews and so on. Their common characteristic is: write content must be true, does not allow free to exaggerate or reduce the facts, not to make up fictional, authenticity; written and make any necessary processing. To article focused, vivid, clever
(6) feature is a style of reportage, it intercepts people and events of a segment, describe in a detailed manner.
(7) biography is generally divided into two categories: those that chronicles their lives; a kind of narrative the life of others. Biographies of the main features is the record, request seeking truth from facts, not allowing fictional exaggeration. Biography in narrative-oriented expression, can also be appropriate to insert comments, description. General biographical narrative order in time order. The character difference is that the characters of the story and characters as long as the written characters of an event or a few things on the line. Biographical sketches were asked to write about a character's place of birth, date of birth, experiences, and so on. Characters character difference is in the autobiography of an autobiography based on the need to adopt different wording, you can write all your experience, can also write their stage experience.
2 expository writing knowledge points
(1) to present its main expression, explain things according to certain requirements or the article called the affair. Expository language features: accurate, plain, simple.
(2) characteristics of the premise of the show is the catch. So-called feature is a sign things are different from each other.
(3) Description article Description order space order, chronological, logical sequence, (have always said after abruptly main first, then the secondary, reason after the first results, from phenomenon to essence, from performance to function)
(4) the description of the commonly used methods are: categories, explanations, examples, for example, comparing numbers, the column chart.
(5) paper according to the instructions and content: description entity description and abstract affair two broad categories of things. Expository writing and presentation are: level expository and literary texts.
(6) level expository and literary texts differs from plain notes Wen Chun description of expression, plain and concise, specific, practical to read it can understand. Including natural science textbooks. Science and technology information, test reports, instructions and so on. Literary texts with notes, supplemented by narrative, descriptive, lyrics and many other expressions, and is commonly used by some of the rhetoric method of Visual presentation or elaborate Affairs, so that readers gain knowledge at the same time, can get the enjoyment of art, sketches of such texts usually call knowledge or scientific essay.
(7) the description of the expository and narrative description of differences:
a objectives are different: narrative description is to "make people feel"; text description is to "make people know."
b narrative can be based on the idea of need, using a variety of descriptive methods play a multifaceted role. Expository description you can only explain the process, help a Bell visualization techniques, to make some necessary features depictions of things, mainly to explain things more concrete, more images.
c narrative description of the artistic imagination, exaggeration, rendering, and expository description of language processing in the context of hardheaded, be both vivid and authentic.
3 argumentative style of knowledge points
(1) life without discussion, reason, comment is talking about. Comment article as the main expression is the argument.
(2) talking about total views or an advocate, this view or advocate is the argument, the material used to justify arguments for arguments, arguments to prove that argument is the argument.
(3) to prove that is the case there are two broad categories of materials: the facts (facts) that hard cases; history; statistics. The theoretical material (reasonable argument) that quotes; aphorisms; proverbs; scientific principle of natural law of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong thought.
(4) the basic structure of the argumentation: questions analysis; to solve the problem. The basic methods of argumentation: facts and reason. Argument: arguments counterargue. So-called argument is positive opinions. Counterargue is refuting false ideas.
(5) discuss everything about essay writing feature: take statements, ratione materiae description makes sense. From the "things" to the discussion. While must sort out and the points of contact between the only logical argument, that "one thing one debate" key.
(6) the essays there are several common styles: editorials, reviews, research papers, and discussion, random thoughts, essays, and focuses on the argumentative speech, letter, and so on. In the above style, theory of strong, with strong art.